Monday, June 2, 2014

1.    The influence of history is difficult to explain as it contains all of the deep structure elements of culture. What is your understanding related to this?
As culture is defined as several traits or items that bind a group of people, all members of cultural group share the common traits amongst them. To establish a cultural group, those people have to live together in a great deal period of time. In this long period, they underwent many historical events that influence the way the view the world. For example, the group of people who in their histories were victim of wars will view wars as a forbidden in the culture they later established, they would teach their cultural members to hold peace amongst all. It is the history that will determine how a cultural group will be.
2.    How does language diversity cause problems in the United States? What solutions can you propose to deal with this problem?
    The diverse language spoken amongst American residents has drawn many political concerns in the United States. The parliament has frequently tried to propose English as an official language, yet this proposal is still refused. The major problem is risen in the communication because several people do not have mutual linguistic understanding amongst them. This will trigger misunderstanding prejudice which will end up in conflict.
    To solve this problem, the government must ensure that all members of society have access to learn a language that is commonly spoken, English. The government must guarantee that they will have a sufficient proficiency to speak in societal circumstances. Yet, they are still allowed to speak the language of their ancestor in order that their cultural identity will still be preserved.
3.    The discrimination between men and women in west countries has happened since a long time ago and still happen nowadays. At present, the discrimination perhaps is not obvious as before, although it is in different. How would you describe this difference?
    Although the feminist has promoted the gender equality in all over the globe, the gender discrimination ten is still seen nowadays. Unlike the discrimination in the previous time, woman discrimination today can be seen in the following description. Firstly, it commonly occurs in the work place. At the present time, there is a slight gender difference in the work place. Some works are mainly occupied by men, such as the presidents of company, managers, driver, pilot, ship’s captain, mechanic operator, soldier etc. Secondly, gender disparity can be seen in sport. In the world sport, men are occupied in certain sports, such as football, weight lifting, basket ball etc. The discrimination can also appear in the sport activities. Most sport events apply the different gender in the events. Women only play with women and vice versa because it is presumed that the women are not the equal competitor for men.     
4.    In discussing something or talking about anything you probably agree or disagree. It is easy to agree with someone on any level or formality. In contrary, it is sometimes quite difficult when you argue someone on any level with a different culture. How would you solve this problem?
    The different people grown in different culture will have the different views, ideas, beliefs, ideologies, etc that they inherit from the cultural elder members. When those people are engaging in the communication, some conflicts will sometimes be arisen due to these differences. To solve this problem, they need to establish mutual understanding between them. They must realize that the different cultures that have grown them contribute different ideas, views, and beliefs in their mind. All in all, they have to try to value the diversity.
5.    What is meant by the phrase “communication is rule governed”? What are some rules that govern your communication in the classroom? How might these rules differ in another country?
    “Communication is rule governed” can be defined as that there are several rules that govern people in communicative circumstances. In communication, people are bound to the rules that are commonly shared amongst them. For example, the young people are not allowed to interrupt the elder in communication, people are forbidden to swear or curse in the presence of children etc.
    The rules governing communication in my classroom is the typical rules on how education runs in the eastern cultural context. To begin with, students are not allowed to call their teachers by their name whether first or surname in communication. It is considered to be rude and impolite to call them by their name although it is followed by a formal addressee. Students simply call them Pak, Buk, Mr., Sir, and Miss. Related to the communication amongst students, the rules are varied. How people communicate to their fellow students depend on their closeness to them. If they are close enough, they may refer their friends as to “Lu” , “Ang”, or “Kau”, to themselves “Gue”, “Gua” or “Den. But it is considered to be rude to use those addressees to the fellows whom they are not close enough. They simply address them by their first name, and to themselves they refer as to their name or “Awak”.
    I presume these rules are different to another country especially to western ones. In western cultural context, students call their teacher by their names, if it is the surname, it is followed by the formal addressee like Mr. Mrs. and Miss; but they omit the formal addressee if it is the first name. As for communication between students, it is not so varied as those are in my educational context. Most students simply call their name and refer them as you and to themselves I. I also notice some students also call their fellows by their family name as a sign of mockery or bully. Intimate addressees are also found amongst students whose relationship is close.


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